Kenya is home to numerous tribes, officially recognized as ethnic groups. The exact number of tribes in Kenya is a subject of debate, as the categorization of ethnic groups can vary.

Language groups in Kenya

In Kenya, there are several language groups represented among the various tribes and ethnic communities. These language groups can be broadly categorized into four major language families:

Bantu Languages

Bantu languages are the most widespread language family in Kenya, spoken by the majority of tribes. Some prominent Bantu languages include:

a. Kikuyu: Spoken by the Kikuyu tribe and widely used as a lingua franca in many parts of Kenya.

b. Luo: Spoken by the Luo tribe, mainly in the Nyanza region.

c. Luhya: Spoken by the Luhya tribe, primarily in the Western region.

d. Kamba: Spoken by the Kamba tribe, predominantly in the Eastern region.

e. Meru: Spoken by the Meru tribe in the eastern part of Mount Kenya.

f. Gikuyu: Spoken by the Gikuyu tribe, primarily in the Central region.

g. Kisii: Spoken by the Gusii tribe, mainly in the Gusii Highlands of western Kenya.

h. Embu: Spoken by the Embu people in the Eastern region.

i. Mijikenda: A group of nine closely related languages spoken by various tribes along the Kenyan coast.

Nilotic Languages

Nilotic languages are spoken by several tribes in Kenya, primarily in the western, Rift Valley, and northern regions. Some notable Nilotic languages include:

a. Maasai: Spoken by the Maasai tribe, mainly in southern Kenya.

b. Kalenjin: A group of closely related languages spoken by tribes such as the Kalenjin, Nandi, Kipsigis, and others.

c. Turkana: Spoken by the Turkana tribe in northwestern Kenya.

d. Luo: Apart from being a Bantu language, Luo is also considered a Nilotic language.

Cushitic Languages

Cushitic languages are primarily spoken by the Somali community in northeastern Kenya. The most prominent Cushitic language is Somali.

  1. Other Language Families: There are a few languages in Kenya that do not fall into the above-mentioned language families. These include:

    a. El Molo: Spoken by the El Molo tribe residing near Lake Turkana.

    b. Samburu: Spoken by the Samburu tribe, closely related to the Maasai language.

    c. Rendille: Spoken by the Rendille tribe in northern Kenya.

    d. Pokot: Spoken by the Pokot tribe, mainly in the Rift Valley region.

    e. Swahili: While not specific to Kenya, Swahili is widely spoken as a lingua franca across East Africa and is one of the official languages of Kenya.

Tribes in Kenya

  1. Abagusii (Gusii)
  2. Aembu
  3. Ameru (Meru)
  4. Arakal
  5. Bajuni
  6. Baluhya (Luhya)
  7. Bantu
  8. Borana
  9. Bukusu
  10. Daasanech
  11. Digo
  12. Dorobo
  13. Duruma
  14. Embu
  15. Gabra
  16. Giriama
  17. Giryama
  18. Gweno (Gikuyu)
  19. Kambe (Giryama)
  20. Kambe (Giriama)
  21. Kambe (Kamba)
  22. Kamba
  23. Kikuyu
  24. Kuria
  25. Luo
  26. Maasai
  27. Makonde
  28. Marakwet
  29. Masai (Maasai)
  30. Mijikenda
  31. Mijikenda (Giriama)
  32. Mijikenda (Kambe)
  33. Mijikenda (Kikuyu)
  34. Mijikenda (Ribe)
  35. Mijikenda (Wadigo)
  36. Mijikenda (Wagiriama)
  37. Mijikenda (Wakauma)
  38. Mijikenda (Watikuu)
  39. Mijikenda (Wazigua)
  40. Mijikenda (Wachonyi)
  41. Mijikenda (Wakauma)
  42. Mijikenda (Waduruma)
  43. Mijikenda (Wagiriama)
  44. Mijikenda (Wachonyi)

Main Tribes in Kenya

In Kenya, there are several major tribes or ethnic groups that have a significant presence and influence.

  1.  Kikuyu: The Kikuyu tribe is the largest ethnic group in Kenya, predominantly inhabiting the Central region.
  2. Luhya: The Luhya tribe is the second-largest ethnic group in Kenya, mainly residing in the Western region.
  3. Luo: The Luo tribe primarily occupies the Nyanza region in western Kenya.
  4. Kalenjin: The Kalenjin tribe resides mainly in the Rift Valley region.
  5. Kamba: The Kamba people are found in the Eastern region of Kenya. They are known for their skill in carving, basket weaving, and pottery.
  6. Maasai: The Maasai tribe is well-known for its rich cultural heritage and pastoral way of life. They inhabit the southern parts of Kenya. The Maasai are recognized for their colorful attire, beadwork, and traditional ceremonies.
  7. Somali: The Somali community in Kenya resides mainly in the northeastern part of the country, bordering Somalia. They have a distinct language, culture, and nomadic traditions. Many Somalis in Kenya are involved in trade, business, and other economic activities.
  8. Turkana: The Turkana tribe resides in the northwestern part of Kenya, primarily in Turkana County. They are pastoralists and have a semi-nomadic lifestyle. The Turkana are known for their resilience in harsh desert environments.

Tsavo East


The joint mass of Tsavo West and Tsavo East National Parks forms one of the largest National Parks in the world and covers a massive 4% of Kenya’s total land area. Tsavo East, the larger of the two, lies to the east of the Nairobi -Mombasa road, equidistant between Nairobi and Mombasa, and offers a vast and untapped arena of arid bush which is washed by the azure and emerald meanderings ofthe Galana River, guarded by the limitless lava reaches of the Yatta Plateau and patrolled by some ofthe largest elephant herds in Kenya.

Tsavo East
Tsavo East


Elephant In Eden

The sight of dust-red elephants wallowing, rolling and spraying each other with the midnight blue waters of the palm-shaded Galana River is one of the most evocative images of Africa.

Aruba Dam

The beautiful Aruba dam, located on the north bank of the seasonal Voi River, is visited by thousands of animals and makes a great game-viewing destination.

Mudanda Rock

This whale-backed rock towers above a natural dam, which acts as a draw to hundreds ofelephant.

The longest Lava Flow in the World

At 300 kilometers in length, the heat-shimmering edge of the Yatta Plateau is the longest lava flow in the world and an ornithological paradise that attracts migrating birds from all over the world.

Lugard’s Falls

5 Named after Captain Lugard, the first proconsul to East Africa, the Falls feature a bizarrely eroded rock neck through which the waters of the Galana River plunge into foaming rapids and crocodile-infested pools.

Spectacular Voyages of Discovery

Tsavo offers some of the most magnificent game drives in the world – vast herds  of dust-red elephant, fat pods of hippo, giant crocodile and a kaleidoscope of birds life are set against a blazing backdrop of endless bush.


Voi Safari Lodge. P.0. Box 565, Voi, Kenya. Tel: +254(43)30019


Kingfisher Tented Camp. P.0, Box 29 Malindi, Kenya.

Tel: +254(42)20l23 – Fax: 30261 – Email:

Ndololo Tented Camp. Tsavo Park Hotel, P.0. Box 244 Voi, Kenya.

Tel: +254(147)30050, 30533 – Fax: +254(147)30285.


Sentrim Tarhi Tented Camp. P.0. Box 43436 – 00100 Nairobi, Kenya.

Tel: +254(20)3l568O. Fax: +254(20)22l8l4 – Email:

Satao Camp. P.0. Box 90653, Mombasa, Kenya. Tel: +254(4l)475074


Galdessa Camp. P.0. Box 714, Village Market, Kenya.

Tel: +254(20)521074, 520943 – Email:

Epiya (hapeyu Tented Camp. Alphatauri Ltd, P.0. Box 14653, Nairobi, Kenya.

Tel:+254(20)3749796 – Email:

Patterson‘s Safari Camp. P.0. Box 49265, Nairobi, Kenya.

Tel: +254(20)4343389, 4347239 – Email:

Ashnil Aruba Lodge. P.0. Box 90738 Mombasa, Kenya. Tel: +254(20)3S92240



There are no self-catering facilities in Tsavo East National Park.


There is only one operational public campsite (offering water and latrines only) named Ndololo Campsite (7km from Voi Gate). ‘Special’ or private campsites (no facilities) exist in a number of locations and these must be booked in advance on an exclusive use basis (reservations through the Warden or KWS HQ, Nairobi).


Tsavo East National Park is accessible by 2WD vehicles, and also by air, all year round.


Drinking water, picnic items and camping equipment if you intend to stay overnight. Also useful are: binoculars, camera, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and guidebooks.


  • Respect the privacy of the wildlife, this is their habitat.
  • Beware of the animals, they are wild and can be unpredictable.
  • Don’t crowd the animals or make sudden noises or movements.
  • Don’t feed the animals, it upsets their diet and leads to human dependence.
  • Keep quiet, noise disturbs the wildlife and may antagonize your fellow visitors.
  • Stay in your vehicle at all times, except at designated picnic or walking areas.
  • Keep below the maximum speed limit (40 kph/25 mph).
  • Never drive off-road, this severely damages the habitat.
  • When viewing wildlife keep to a minimum distance of20 meters and pull to the side of the road so as to allow others to pass.
  • Leave no litter and never leave fires unattended or discard burning objects.
  • Respect the cultural heritage of Kenya, never take pictures of the local people or their habitat without asking their permission, respect the cultural traditions of Kenya and always dress with decorum.
  • Stay over or leave before dusk, visitors must vacate the Park between 7.00pm – 6.00am unless they are camping overnight. Night game driving is not allowed.


By Road:

The Park (Mtito Andei Gate) is 232 km South of Nairobi and 250 km North of Mombasa on the main Nairobi – Mombasa Road. Note: Nairobi – Voi Gate 325 km, Mombasa – Voi Gate 157 km. The following entry gates exist: Mtito Andei, Voi, Buchuma, Manyani, lthumba and Sala.

By Air:

There are several airstrips in the Park.


Daily 6.00am – 7.00pm. Note: No entry is allowed on foot, and visitors will not be allowed into the Park after 6.15pm.

Current entry charges:

Obtainable via KWS HQ: Tel: +254(20) 6000800, 6002345 – Fax: 6007024

Email: – website:

‘Safari Card‘ required?

Entry is by SafariCard only. Safari Cards may be obtained and loaded at Voi Gate.

The Warden: P.0.Box 14, Voi. – Tel: +254 43 30300, 31011


Nairobi Safari Walk



Remember Sebastian the acrobatic chimp and the enormous Bengal tigers the only ones in Africa, back in the animal orphanage? Now imagine a fresh variety, in their natural environment viewed from a rooftop level. . .Quite Breathtaking! That is Safari walk at the moment. A walk transformed, modernized traversing 27 exotic acres into Nairobi National Park from its establishment in 1997.

Nairobi Safari Walk
Nairobi Safari Walk


Nairobi Safari Walk brings most of Kenya to you! As you stroll within this secured area, stop to read the informative signs, observe and understand the exhibited and free ranging wildlife species. Look out for birds, mammals, butterflies, incredible insects and over 150 species of indigenous Kenyan plants.

From the boardwalk, gaze into Nairobi National Park and leave with the visions and sounds of this special preserve of nature nestled in your heart. Kenya has over 6 ecosystems. At the Safari Walk visitors cross over wetlands, traverse the Savannah and follow the trail to forested woodlands.

Wetlands: habitats where rivers, lakes and oceans meet.

Wetlands play an integral role in the water and carbon cycles required for all forms of life as they support incredible numbers of flora and fauna. In Safari Walk you will encounter 2 sly crocodiles and pygmy hippos in their natural habitats.

Savannah: Vast Grassland areas which cover 70% of Kenya. Home to over 91% of our national parks, reserves, and wildlife. Savannahs serve as wildlife dispersal areas and as migratory corridors for national parks. In this habitat you will observe lions, cheetahs, an extremely shy leopard, a rhino, buffalo, a wide range of herbivores, a rare albino zebra, crazy Colobus Monkeys and the cunning hyenas. Also discover the new story of the Oryx within this mysterious maze.

Forests: Severely threatened wooded habitats urgently required for all life!

Forests comprise less than 2% of Kenya’s land today, covering about 1.4 million hectares. The natural tunnel like structures is divinely peaceful as well as safe. A fresh breeze with accompanied by music from birds with various insects. This is just an unforgettable experience for city residents who want to be away from everyday pollution and exhausting rush.

Nairobi Safari Walk Specials. . .

up-close and fully protected. Don’t make loud noises or scare the animals.

Get closer to:

Lion (Large carnivore cat; severely threatened and yet so amazing!)- You wouldn’t want to get close to this one!

Rhino (a severely endangered pre-historic species) – Enter a Real translocation crate and emerge to view their holding pen

Cheetah (Critically Endangered, fastest animal on earth) — Maybe your last chance to see one this close!

Leopard (Skillful predator and critically threatened) – From this viewing blind, you’re often eye-to-eye.

Crocodile — they may look drowsy, but they are not! The safe distance is good for the both ofyou.

Special spots

Children’s Museum: Touch a cheetah cub, watch ants build, discover more about wildlife. Psst! It’s not for children only, adults allowed.

Weather Station: Where does our rain come from? Find out right here! Inter-act! Puzzles and games for you right at the entrance

The Cheetah Stretch: Eight meters of power in one leap, Yep. That’s a cheetah leap.

Human Vs. Wildlife: Are Humans and Wildlife that different? Flip the paddles and find out!

Spoor Trails: Learn how to differentiate Animal tracks making you an expert in tracking. However, you have to identify exactly which hoof belongs to which animal to be an expert tracker.

Classroom: Set within the facility is a great meeting hall. Contact the NSW management to arrange for very special briefing or event.

Plant Nursery: Developed to promote plant conservation and ecological friendly farming techniques, the nursery demonstrates non- consumptive methods of utilizing forest resources and propagation of indigenous plants. They are available for distribution to schools and other conservation areas.

Time Capsule: ln 2000, the Time Capsule was erected by the lnternational Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW). Buried beneath the stone is a glass capsule containing messages from many people in Kenya about what they hope to improve for animals in 50 years. One day. ..

Family Friendly Hotshots: Families can have a great time and not worry about newborns and toddlers. There is a clean changing room as well as bathroom facilities forall religions.

Even the blind can see. . .

There are speakers explaining what goes around as well as the museum helping them touch and vividly imagine how each animal looks like. Wheelchairs access is available for the physically handicapped.

Pre-arranged functions will be advertised. For Private functions, contact the above.

Nairobi Safari Walk House Rules

Please observe these rules while visiting this special facility.

For Your Own Safety

  • Do not throw anything at the animals or birds. If you do, they’ll hide or run away from you.
  • Do not shout, yell or tease the animals
  • Stay on the paths. They’re to keep you and the animals safe from each other
  • Do not feed the animals; they require a special diet. Animals also become aggressive if they get used to being fed by people.


  • See, hear and read as much as possible and
  • Enjoy the beauty & fun ofthe Nairobi Safari Walk.

And Please D0 NOT

  • Litter or drop rubbish on the ground. Use the rubbish bins provided.
  • This is a smoke- free environment.
  • Drink Alcoholic beverages or use drugs. This is prohibited. Intoxicated visitors will be asked to leave.


By Road;

Follow Uhuru Highway in the direction of Jomo Kenyatta international Airport. Turn right at Nyayo national stadium and proceed along Langata road (past Wilson Airport) until you see signs for the Nairobi safari walk main entrance on your left.


Daily 9a.m to 5.30 p.m. including public holidays.

Current entry charges:

Obtainable via KWS HQ Tel :(Nairobi) +254(20)6000800, 6002345.


The Warden:

Tel: (Nairobi) +254(20)6002345, 6004594 – Fax: +254(20)6002345

Note: Proof of residency or citizenship is required for local entry fee rates.

Nairobi National Park


Kenya’s oldest National Park and the first to be established in East Africa is Nairobi National Park. It is the crown jewel of Kenya’s conservation drive, and is very unique in its offering. No other city in the world can boast of a natural wilderness. Teeming with wildlife and home to over400 species of birds, just ten Kilometers from the city center.

Nairobi National Park
Nairobi National Park

With an oasis of lion-gold plains, acacia-fringed rivers, leopard- stalked cliffs, plunging gorges and murky hippo pools, this versatile park hosts its own wildebeest migration and is the only place on earth where you can find black and white rhinos grazing against the silhouettes of office blocks and skyscrapers.

Lion-gold plains, dappled shade and cool valleys

With long, sloping plains of black cotton soil scoured by deep river valleys and gorges, Nairobi National Park is full of unexpected beauty and diverse habitats which include rolling grassy plains, riverine woodland, dense thickets, rocky gorges, dry upland forest and man-made dams & pools.

The wildlife watching experience

Most of the woodland is concentrated on the Western end of the park, right near the main entrance, making it a good location to spot giraffes and leopards (at dawn). The various man-made dams and ponds draw concentrations of animals especially during the dry season ranging from Zebra, Maasai giraffe, buffalo, antelope etc. The thriving prides of lions in Nairobi National Park prefer the open country, while visitors can spot cheetah families sunbathing on top of the directional signs. The plains are home to the cheetah, and occasionally, the elusive leopard is spotted at dawn.

A thriving rhino sanctuary

The Park is one of Kenya’s most successful rhino sanctuaries and has received wide acclaim all over the world. The park has the highest density of black rhino in the country and is also .1 home forthe white rhino.

An ornithological paradise

The park’s exceptional birdlife records a remarkable 400 species; their numbers swell up in March-May when a host of European migrants make the park their home. Look out for the marabou storks, vultures and hawk eagles perched high in the acacia trees and on the grasslands for secretary birds, bustard, ostrich and the gorgeous Jackson’s widowbird.


An ideal day trip venue or green escape from the city, this versatile park offers the following selection of picnic and event sites.

– IMPALA OBSERVATION POINT: High on a hill just minutes from the main gate this site offers a stone-built rondavel with panoramic views and a picnic area (with latrines).

The Ivory Burning Site gained fame as the place where former President Moi burned 12 tonnes of ivory in 1989, showcasing Kenya’s commitment to elephant conservation and its strong stance against ivory trade. The site provides a spacious and convenient venue for picnics and bush functions.

– KINGFISHER PICNIC SITE: A green shaded area with picnic tables, ideal for early morning bush breakfasts.

– MOKOIYET PICNIC SITE: An open cliff top site with shaded tables, latrines and extensive parking. Close by is Leopard cliff observation point, looking down into the Mbagathi river gorge below.

HIPPO POOLS AND NATURE TRAILS: A short self-guided nature trail (Patrolled by KWS rangers) leads out of a shaded picnic area (latrines and running water available) along the Athi River and offers the opportunity of viewing hippo, crocodile, monkey, terrapin and a large variety of birds.


Nairobi Safari Walk

The Safari Walk (just before and to the right of the main gate) offers the rare chance of viewing different animals behaving as they would in their natural habitat. Traversed by panoramic raised timbered boardwalks it also makes for an informative walk and an enjoyable family outing.

The Animal Orphanage:

This small enclosure shelters a shifting population of orphaned, abandoned or wounded animals, most of whom are regaining their strength before being released back into the wild.

Dinning and shopping facilities

Shop for essential items before your game drive or unwind after you experience a drive in the national parks in these cool facilities. Whether you need a souvenir, snack or meal in the breeze, the choice is yours. Take a break in the shops and two restaurants conveniently located within the KWS headquarters. Your visit to Nairobi National Park will not be complete without a visit to these facilities.

Kifaru shop:

The shop holds a variety of souvenir items such as maps, postcard, diaries, wildlife DVD’s and reference books as well as providing visitors items required during a game drive.

The Club House

Located only lkm from the main park entrance, the facility offers a visitor a serene and quiet environment to unwind after a game drive. Meals and drinks are also available at reasonable prices. Hire of the grounds can be done for social and corporate functions with a capacity of 350 persons.

Rangers’ Restaurants:

this one ofits kind traditionally built and nestled between Nairobi safari walk. The restaurant overlooks the national park and gives you the feeling of being in the bush away from the hustle and bustle ofthe city centre.

SEBASTIAN CAFE: A self service café named after the famous Sebastian chimpanzee, this fabulously shaded restaurant lets you enjoy a meal at a reasonable price against the backdrop of Nairobi safari walk.

MEGA GIFT SHOP: A shop providing various services including a mall café a major gift with various items.


Twiga campsite:

Located just 500meters off Mombasa Road is the parks Twiga campsite. A camper will find a serene environment with modern facilities including hot water showers and electricity.A modern kitchen area is also provided. Located within the forest area is a special campsite that is fully equipped.


Nairobi city offers an abundance of accommodation options. For Further information please consult your travel agent.


The park is accessible all year round.


Drinking water and picnic items. Also useful are: Camera, binoculars, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses, insect repellent and guidebooks.



Daily 6.00am-7.00pm including public holidays.

Note: no entry is allowed on foot and visitors will not be allowed entry after 6.00pm.

Current entry charges:

Obtainable via KWS HQ Tel 🙁 Nairobi) +254 (20) 6000800, 6002345.

Email: – Website:

‘Safari Card’ required?

Entry is by Safari Card may be obtained and loaded at the main Gate off Lang’ata Road. A loaded safari card allows access through the parks main entrance, East gate (along Mombasa Road), Maasai gate and Langata gate (along Magadi Road)



Ro. BOX 42076, Nairobi. Tel: (Nairobi) +254 (20) 6002121, 6003769.

Fax: +254 (20) 6000324 – Email:

Meru National Park

Few places offer a more genuine wilderness ambiance than the remote and rugged Meru National Park and Kora National Parks. Little- visited, utterly unspoilt and the most geographically diverse Parks in Kenya, they are the favorites of safari professionals and wildlife experts alike. Brilliantly painted on a magnificent scale, these sister Parks feature luxuriant jungle, coursing rivers, verdant swamp, khaki grasslands,gaunt termite cathedrals and an ever-evolving dance between clouds and sky.

Meru National Park
Meru National Park

A classic savannah landscape

The rivers that form the perimeters of Meru define its character, establishing it as a fine example of the classic savannah landscape. The mighty Tana flows to the south, the Ura to the southwest, and the Rojeweru to the east. Additionally, the park is scored by T4 permanent streams that drain off the nearby Nyambeni Hills.

A rich diversity of habitats: Thanks to the diversity of its habitats, Meru offers unique wildlife watching opportunities.

The northern plains: One of the most rewarding areas for wildlife viewing, the northern plains boasts of Elephant, Lion and Cheetah. Both species of Zebra, Grant’s and Thomson’s gazelle, Impala, Beisa Oryx, hartebeest and Reticulated Giraffe are also easily seen.

The southem plain: The dense woodlands shelter Gerenuk, Common Eland, Kirk‘s Dik-Dik and Warthog. They also make an ideal habitat for one ofthe Park’s highlights, the Lesser kudu.

The kopjes: Meru is renowned for its rocky outcrops (known as inselbergs or kopjes),where baboons cavort and leopard lurk among the boulders.

The swampy grasslands: Are grazed by Defassa Waterbuck and shifting herds of Buffalo.

The rivers: Hippo and Nile crocodile are common in the slower streams of the Tana River.

A brilliance of birds

Meru‘s birds are abundant and colorful; common river birds include Ibis, Heron and African Fish Eagle while the riverine acacia woodland shelters the smallest of the Long-tailed in birds, the Black-bellied Sunbird. Visitors often encounter flocks of glorious golden-breasted starlings, as well as groups of hornbills that honk loudly.

The setting for ‘Born Free‘

Meru is where Joy and George Adamson released their most famous lioness, Elsa, back into the wild. The book and the film ‘Born Free’ tell her tale. The Park was also the site of their alter experiments with orphaned cheetahs.


Elsa’s Kopje Tented Camp: This exclusive lodge offers 9 stone and thatch cottages, international cuisine, swimming pool and game viewing.

Contact: Cheli and Peacock, Tel: +254(20)603090, 604053/4.


Leopard Rock Lodge: Overlooking the Murera River, this authentic lodge offers African and international cuisine, swimming pool and game viewing.

Contact: Tel: +254(20)60003l/6, 862527/0733333100.

Email: leopardrocklodge@leopardrocklodgecom

Rhino River Camp +2547l 81 39359, Murera Springs +254711986513/0737636693

Self-catering accommodation: Murera Bandas: Four simple two bedroom stone chalets located by Murera Gate. Contact: KWS H0, Nairobi.

Bwatherongi Bandas: Four simple one and two bedroom wooden chalets, 22km from Murera Gate and next to the Bwatherongi River. Contact: KWS HQ, Nairobi.


Public campsite. 18km from Murera Gate, this site lies in a stretch of open ground beside a wooded stream lavatories and showers are provided.

‘Special’ campsites: A number of ‘special‘ Campsites are seasonally located along the rivers.Visitors must book special campsites in advance for exclusive use, as these campsites have no basic amenities.


Meru’s sister Park, the adjoining Kora National Park is famous as the former home of naturalist George Adamson.The alluvial plains of the vast area of acacia bushland are adorned with stark granite kopjes and low hills. The Mwitamisyi River borders it to the southeast, providing support for an abundance of lizards, snakes, tortoises, and crocodiles.


There are no lodges, tented camps or self-catering accommodation options in Kora National Park. For information on campsites in Kora National Park please contact the warden or KWS HQ, Nairobi.


The Parks are accessible all year round.


Drinking water and picnic items (and camping equipment ifyou intend to camp overnight). Also useful are: camera, binoculars, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses, insect repellent and Guidebooks.


Daily 6.00am – 7.00pm including public holidays.

Please note that entry on foot is prohibited, and visitors will not be granted entry after 6.15pm.

Current entry charges:

obtainable via KWS HQ, Tel: (Nairobi) +254 (20) 6000800, 6002345.

E-mail: Website:

‘Safaricard’ required?

At present the Parks do not operate the SafariCard system.

Entry is by cash only (KShs or US$).

The warden: Meru: contact; P.0. Box ll, Maua, Meru. E-mail:

Kora: as above.

Kiunga Marine National Park

An enchanted underwater world

A pristine string of rugged coral isles, ringed by rainbow rural reefs the reserve offers living coral gardens, sculpted colves , wheeling seabirds, rare turtles, magical dugongs and an underwater world of unbelievable color, discovery and vibrancy. The Resenre is part of the Lamu archipelago, a cluster of hot low-lying desert islands that run for some 60 km parallel to the coastline of Northern Kenya.

Kiunga Marine National Park
Kiunga Marine National Park

Founded by the Arabs in the seventh century, Lamu traded for centuries thereafter in ivory, rhino horn, and slaves, making it the last survivor of a one thousand year-old civilization. Today it offers a unique showcase for traditional Swahili culture, a bustling historical town with some of the most pristine beaches in Africa.

The Kiunga composed ofold, eroded coral and shelter lesser kudu, bushbuck, monkey, porcupine and wild pig.

Reefs, the rainforests of the sea

Coral reefs are one of the most fascinating ecosystems on earth, sheltering nearly one million different types of marine life. Battalions of tiny polyps, miniscule sea anemone-like creatures, form corals only in warm seas. They live together in colonies, with some creating a hard skeleton outside their bodies, which eventually develops into stony coral.

Corals come in many shapes, sizes and colours including the open-branched stag’ shorn coral, the pincushion-like acropnra coral, the wavy-branched plate-like pavona coral, the massively solid favia coral and the convoluted brain coral.

Activity Options

Diving and Snorkeling paradise

The best time for snorkeling overthe reef is two hours either side of low tide, which is the time when the greatest amount of marine life is revealed. Kenya’s coastal waters are warm all year round so diving without a wet suit is also rewarding.

What To See

A shifting rainbow of small fish, worms, shrimps, octopus and clams hide in the gaps while blue and yellow parrot fish use their hard beaks to chew off lumps of coral. Snappers, zebra fish, butterfly fish and scorpion-fish shimmer in the clear waters while hunting sharks, rays, turtle and starfish prowl the reef in search of prey.

Fierce moray eels hide in holes, while small crabs, wrasses(long,spiny-finned fish) and sharks lurk in the caves, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, brittle stars and numerous species of mollusk feed on algae and transparent prawns dance through the waters alongside shifting clouds of tiny demoiselle fish.

The Resenre’s creeks and inlets also serve as a substantial breeding ground for the rare mermaid-like creature called the dugong. Thought to share a common ancestry with the elephant, the dugong is a completely aquatic, warm-blooded mammal. Dugongs have an average length of 2.5—3.2 meters, can weigh anything from 140-170kg, and live on the marine grasses growing in the shallower waters of the Reserve.

The outer islands ofthe Reserve host many seabirds. Species nesting here include roseate tern, sooty gull, white-cheeked tern, bridled tern and brown node. Crab plovers are also plentiful while other migrant waders frequent the more sheltered flats and creeks.

Where To Stay

Kiwayu island is the only inhabited island to be included in the Kiunga Marine National Reserve. .

Lodges and Tented Camps.

There are two luxury lodges on Kiwayu:

  • Munira island Camp: 2kms north of Kiwayu village, this is a group of simple Bandas with restaurant and bar facilities.
  • Kiwayu Safari Village: nestled on a pristine palm-shaded beach this exclusive , camp offers grass—thatch cottages, luxurious amenities and water sports, M Self-catering and Camping

– It is possible to camp or find simple accommodation in Kiwayu village.

What To Take With You

Footwear( to protect your feet from the reef), T-shirt, snorkel, mask, fins, camera, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses, insect repellent, guidebooks and plenty of drinking water.

When To Go

The Reserve is open all year round.

Fact File

Altitude: Sea level-30 meters.

Area: 250 sq kms.

Location: Lamu District, coastal province.

Distance from Nairobi: 976 kms

Distance from Malindi: 372 kms

Gazetted: 1979

Climate: The coast is humid with mean annual temperatures ranging from 22-34’C. Rainfall is around 500mm per year.

Vegetation: Microscopic marine plants and dugong grass. Coastal scrubland and mangrove swamps.

Marine life: Fringing offshore reef with approximately 50 coral islands hosting an abundant reef fish population. Dugong and turtle (olive ridley and leatherback) are also common.

Birds: There are many seabirds in large nesting colonies and international significant numbers of Crab Plover and Roseate Tern.

Open: Daily 6.00am-6.00 including pubiic holidays.

Current entry charges: obtainable via KWS Headquarters.

Safari Card‘ required? At present the Reserve does not operate the Safari Card System.

Entry is by cash only

Contact: Senior Warden, P.0 Box 82, Lamu.

Tel: (Lamu) +254 (42) 633080, 633194


Please Respect the Marine Wildlife Code.

  • Check local weather and sea conditions before entering the park.
  • Some marine life is dangerous; do not touch anything under water.
  • Do not damage or remove corals. it is a living organism which takes many years to form and is host to many rare and endangered species
  • Do not remove shells, starfish or any other sea-flora or fauna. Removal is illegal, seriously disrupts the eco-system and some marine lite is dangerous. The areas outside the parks and reserves are threatened by excessive shell collection. Empty shells provide homes for hermit crabs and some fish.
  • Do not buy shells and other marine animal products as souvenirs as this encourages further plundering of the reefs and beaches.
  • Never dispose of litter on the beach or in the sea. it is illegal and environmentally unfriendly. Kiunga Marine National Park turtles can confuse clear plastic waste with jelly fish and will die if they eat it.
  • Hand-feeding offrsh is discouraged. lt disrupts normal feeding patterns.
  • Hook and line fishing is allowed in the Marine Reserves but prohibited in Kiunga Marine National Parks. Spear guns are not permitted for use in either.
  • Environmental friendly activities such as snorkeling and diving are encouraged, under the supervision of the Kenya Wildlife Service wardens, who work closely with local tour operators and hoteliers to ensure strict adherence to this code of practice.
  • Avoid restaurants that serve undersized crabs and lobsters as this contributes to their rapid demise
  • Support traditional coastal livelihoods and do not give money to children on the beach, as this can encourage them to stay away from school.

Respect the cultural heritage of Kenya, never take pictures of the local people or their habitat without asking their permission, respect the cultural traditions of Kenya and always dress with decorum.

Kisumu Impala Sanctuary


Kisumu sits on the gently sloping shores of Lake Victoria and holds the position of Kenya’s third largest city. Kisumu Impala Sanctuary lies close to Hippo Point and features 3km of nature trails and a selection of picnic sites. The sanctuary is a holding area for animals which require special protection in this densely populated area.

Kisumu Impala Sanctuary
Kisumu Impala Sanctuary

The Sanctuarys’focus is a small herd of impala, while the animal orphanage contains a collection of caged Lion, leopard, baboon, hyena, jackal and buffalo, cheetah, bushbuck, babbon and syke monkey.

The sanctuary also offers crucial open grazing for the local hippo population, while researchers believe that the threatened sitatunga antelope exists in the nearby swamps. A shady and peaceful place, with its abundance of birdlife and picnic areas beside the lake the Sanctuary provides an ideal refuge away from Kisumu’s busy town centre.


There is no accommodation or camping in the Sanctuary but there are many places to stay in Kisumu city. The sanctuary offers campsite.


The Sanctuary is open all year round.


Drinking water and picnic items. Also useful are: camera, binoculars, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses, insect repellent and guidebooks.


With an area approaching 70,000 sq km, Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa  and the second largest freshwater lake in the world (after Canada’s Lake  Superior). Unlike the lakes further west, Lake Victoria is not of the Rift Valley system and is wide and shallow (only 80m deep) with shores spanning three countries.


Campsite with cool shade of indigenous trees. Kitchen is available at the campsite for self-catering. An ablution with shower rooms is also available for use.

Sun downer view point – gives an excellent view of the sunset in the evening. 5 picnic sites namely, sunset, Albizia, Impala, Baboon, Fig tree. All give a fantastic view of the lake. The picnic site are also ideal for weddings, parties and corporate events.


Please observe these rules while visiting this special facility.

For Your Own Safety

  • Don not throw anything at the animals or birds. If you do, they’ll hide or run away from you.
  • Do not shout, yell or tease the animals
  • Stay on the paths. They’re to keep you and the animals safe from each other
  • Do not feed the animals; they require a special diet. Animals also become aggressive if they get used to being fed by people.


Altitude:1,149metersnabove sea level

Area : less than 1sqkm..

Location: Kisumu County,Nyanza province

Distance from Nairobi :355 km

Gazette: 1992

Climate: Hot and Humid

Vegetation: remnant indigenious forest dominated by Terminalia brownie and fig trees.

Wildlife: Includes; lions,impala,leopard,jackal, vervet,monkey ,zebra,buffalo,bushbuck,cheetah,and baboon.

Birds: over 115 species have been recorded


  • See, hear and read as much as possible and
  • Enjoy the beauty & fun of the sanctuary.

And Please D0 NOT

  • Litter or drop rubbish on the ground. Use the rubbish bins provided.
  • This is a smoke- free environment.
  • Drink Alcoholic beverages or use drugs. This is prohibited. Intoxicated visitors will be asked to leave.


By Road;

Kisumu is 355km north-west of Nairobi. The Sanctuary is located 3km from Kisumu near Hippo Point. By Air: the flight from Nairobi takes around one hour and there are regular flights operated by local airlines.

By Water:

Kisumu is linked by ferry with Kendu Bay, Homa Bay and Mbita (as well as to neighbouring countries).


Daily 6.00am- 6.00pm including public holidays. Note: visitors will not be allowed entry after 6.15pm.

Current Entry Charges:

Obtainable via KWS Hq, Tel: + 254(20)6000800, 6002345.

Email: – Website:

Safaricard required:

At present the Sanctuary and Park do not operate the Safaricard system. Entry is by cash only (Ksh or USS).

The warden:

Contact; P.O.Box 1193, Kisumu. Tel: + 254(57)21 105.


Kyulu Hills


A magical land of black frozen lava studded with blazing red-hot poker trees. Of shoals of extinct volcanoes wreathed in dense forest abs hung with Spanish moss. The Chyulu hills coil a sleeping dragon on the lion-gold plains of his treasure. The pink haloed peak of Mount Kilimanjaro rises to the west. And all around stretch the mirage miles of Maasai land. Dusty, dry and stalked by scarlet cloaked herders and dust plumed cattle.

Kyulu Hills
Kyulu Hills

The Park comprises the eastern flanks of Chyulu Hills including about half the forest area. The park boundary runs down the centre of the hills along the lines of the peaks. The remaining western portion of the hills is part of the west Chyulu Game Conservation Area and owned by several Maasai Group ranches


The world’s youngest mountains

The narrowly arching, 80 Km long Chyulu are one of the world’s newest mountain ranges, the most recent volcanic peak having been formed only 500 years ago. They fascinated mix of volcanic ash cones and barren lava flows which combine to create a landscape of almost mythical enchantment Source of Tsavo West Mzima Springs

The park was established to protect not only its unique habitat, but also its vital role as water catchments are for Kenya’s coastal conurbations. The forested ridges create their own rainfall, the porous rock absorbs the water like sponge and the water percolates down i into fast -flowing subterranean rivers. These eventually join with the melt waters of Mount Kilimanjaro and feed 250 million litres of water daily into the lush oasis of Tsavo West’s most popular feature Mzima Springs

Exploring the Shetani Caves and Lava flows

lhe volcanic convulsion ofTsavo’s landscape are riddled with lava flows, the most spectacular being Shetani flow, coalesced tide of a tar like lava that spewed down Chyulu Hills as they burst out ofthe plains only a few hundred years ago.

The lava flow is threaded by a series of lava tubes caves many of which can be explored, through caution is recommended.

Rare Forest Birds

Bird watching is the best in the dense montane forest of the western sector of the park where Hartlaubs turaco, sunbird,speckled moosebird and white eared barbet are prevalent. Various swallos fly along the forest edges while deep in the glades you spot stripe cheeked greenbul, tropical boubou, white-eyed slaty flycatcher and silvery cheeked hornbill. The kyulu hills also mark an important stopping-off point for the globally threatened Abbott’s starling and hold endemic population of Shelley’s francolin, white starred robin and orange thrush.


Walking the hills and forest

The gently undulating grasslands, interspersed with dense areas of primeval forest and breathtaking views, make this excellent walking country. Due to presence of buffalo and elephant, however, a KWS ranger escort is necessary. If possible please contact the warden in advance to book the rangers.


While there is no accommodation within the park numerous accommodation options exist in nearby Tsavo West National Park and in ungazetted portion of the Chyulu Hills.

There is KWS self catering guest house outside boundaries locatedjust off the.

Nairobi – Mombasa road near Kiboko. The guest house is 59km from Kithasyo Gate and park HQ.


The park has three public campsites. The campsite at Kithasyo Park offers basic amenities. There is also a KWS campsite outside the park boundaries near the guest house at Kiboko.


The park is accessible all year round by 4WD.


Drinking water and picnic items and camping equipment if you intend to stay overnight Also useful are: Camera, binoculars, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and guidebook.


By Road

from Kibwezi: turn right off the Mombasa Road (coming from Nairobi) at Kibwezi, onto a sign posted road that leads after 9 Kms to Kithasyo Gate and Park HQ. It is possible to enter the park from Tsavo West.

By Air:

The Park has two airstrips.


Daily 6.00 am -7.00 pm including public holidays. No entry is allowed on foot and visitors will not be allowed entry after 6.15pm.

Current entry charges:

Obtainable via KWS HQ: Tel: (Nairobi) +254 (20) 6000800, 6002345

Fax: 6007024, Email: – website:

Smartcard required:

At present the park does not operate on the smartcard system. Entry is by cash only (KShs or US S) Note: if you are entering via Tsavo West National Park, you will require a smartcard (Which may be loaded at Mtito Andei Gate).

Contact: The warden, P.0 Box 458, Kibwezi. Tel 254 (45) 622483 or 622120

Amboseli National Park


Amboseli lies North West of Mt. Kilimanjaro, on the border with Tanzania. It was established as a reserve in 1968 and actively gazetted as a National Park in 1974. The Park covers 390.26sq.km1, and forms part of the much larger 3,000sq.Km2 Amboseli ecosystem. Large concentrations of wildlife occur here in the dry season, making Amboseli a popular tourist destination. Six communally owned group ranches, namely Olgulului, Kimana, lmbirikani, Kuku, Selengei, and Rombo, actively surround it.

Amboseli National Park
Amboseli National Park

The National Park embodies5 main wildlife habitats (open plains, acacia woodland, rocky thorn bush country, swamps and marshland) and covers part of a pleistocene lake basin, now dry.

Within this basin is a temporary lake, Lake Amboseli, that floods during years  of heavy rainfall. Amboseli is famous for its big game and its great scenic

The landscape is actively dominated by Mt. Kilimanjaro, with floating elephants within the swamps adding to its beauty.

What To See

Mt. Kilimanjaro

Visit Amboseli National Park for fantastic views of Kilimanjaro the highest free standing mountain in Africa rising at 5,896m above the sea level. lts snow capped summit dominates the landscape and on clear day is easily visible during early morning and afternoon. It is a superb backdrop for wildlife photographs

Herds of Elephants against the backdrop of

Mt. Kilimanjaro

The park provides a unique habitat for approximately one thousand elephants. View visitors will go home without superb elephant images beneath  Mt.Kilimanjaro.

The Swamps

Buffalo, hippo, and elephant actively favor the enkongo Narok swamps and other permanent swamps, which divide the grey landscape into broad swatches, as their favored resort.Close by graze groups of zebra, wildebeest and impala while numerous birds feed, breed and nest in the lush vegetation. Look out for graceful crowned Cranes, the long-necked Africa’s Darter, and kingfishers. Egyptians geese are almost certain to be with a variety of ducts and plovers.

Observation Hill-Nomatior

From the observation Hill there is a panoramic view of most of the park and climbing is worth the effort. The hunters and gatherers people, the Ndorobo, inhabited it many years ago. Signs and traces of their property and implements have actively been found here, giving rise to the Maasai name “nomatior,” meaning the place of pottery.

OI Tukai

The heart of Amboseli woodland of ‘yellow fever trees‘ and the doum palm known as 0| Tukai by the Maasai and Makindu in Swahili. A cool oasis of trees, Ol Tukai is a retreat for wildlife and greatly favored by elephants.

Activities Option

Public campsite

Olkelunyiet public campsite is near the parks headquarters with running water, wash rooms, showers and kitchen shade.

Picnic site

A picnic site (observation point) with view points, shade, nature trail, latrine.

What To Take With You

Drinking water, picnic items and camping equipment if you intent to stay overnight. Also useful are: binoculars, cameras, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses and guidebooks.

Fact File

Altitude: 1150 meters sea level

Area: 390.26km1

Location: Loitoktok District, Rift valley Province

Distance from Nairobi: 250 km

Gazette: October 1974

Climate: The climate is mainly hot and dry. Amboseli is in the rain shadow of Mt. Kilimanjaro. The maximum average temperature of the warmest month is 33°C during the day, while that of the coldest is 27-28°C.An annual rainfall of 300mm perannum is distributed in two seasons: April/May and November/December. Recurrent droughts and potential evaporation of 2200mm per annum typifies the region (KWS, 1991).

Vegetation: Swamps are dominated by Papyrus and Cyperus lmmenses, the dominant plant species are Sporobolus, in the grassland, Acacia in woodland, and Suaeda Monica in the bush land, Elephants estimated at approximately 1500, buffaloes estimated at approximately 472, Lions estimated at approximately 40.

Wildlife: Monitor Lizards, Chameleons, Egyptian Cobra, Python, Puff Adder, Black Mamba. more 400 recorded species

Features: Arid wildlife species, ice capped Mt. Kilimanjaro, salty dust with mirages, permanent swamps, observation point.

Roads: Viewing roads network covers the park adequately. Many of the park viewing roads are not usable during the rains and because of the loose ashy nature of volcanic soil, the roads become very dusty during the dry season.

Where To Stay Lodges And Tented Camps

lnside the Park

KWS self – catering accomodation, Amboseli Serena lodge, Oltukai lodge

Outside the park

Tortils camp, Porini camp, Elerai Satao camp, Kilima Safari Camp, Kibo lodge, Tawi lodge, Sentrim lodge and Sopa lodge.

Kws Self-Catering Accommodation

There is a selection of 5 economically priced KWS self-catering ‘bandas’ (offered inclusive of bedding, towels, cooking equipment, bathrooms, showers and communal eating area). The self-catering ‘bandas’are Kilimanjaro, Kibo, Simba, Nyati and Chui. Power is supplied by generator from 6.30pm to 11pm.

When To Go

The Park is Accessible on 2WD between April-Oct. It is Accessible on 4WD between Oct-March on all roads.

What To Take With You

Drinking water, picnic items and camping equipment ifyou intend to stay overnight. Also useful are: binoculars, camera, hat, sunscreen and guidebooks.

How T0 Get There


The main road into the park is from Nairobi via Emali(228km) on the Nairobi-Mombasa road and another 78 km to lremito gate through Loitokitok road .The road is tarmac upto LoitokitokT0wn. The other road from Nairobi is via Namanga (240 km) on the Nairobi-Arusha road, via Meshanani gate.The road is tarmac upto Namanga but badly corrugated and potholed in places from Namanga to Meshanani gate(75km). Access from Mombasa is also through lremito gate via Emali or Kimana gate via Tsavo West. The park has five gates: lremito, Kimana, Meshanani, Airstrip and Kitirua gate.

By air

Airstrip the park has a single airstrip for light aircraft at Airstrip gate.

Other airstrips exist at Kilimanjaro Buffalo lodge and Namanga town.

Open: Daily 6.00am-6.00pm including public holidays. Note: no entry is allowed on foot and visitors will not be allowed entry after 6.15pm.

Current entry charges

Obtainable via kws HQ Tel: +254(20)6000800, 6002345. 020-8029705

Email: –

Safari card required?

Entry is by safaricard or Visa card. You may actively obtain and load a Safaricard at either the Nairobi National Park main gate or the lremito gate in Amboseli National Park.

Working in Kenya

working in Kenya because of the political strife in 2008, Kenya’s economy experienced a decline. Foreign investment and the tourism. And hospitality industries faltered at a time when the country was in desperate need of both.

Working in Kenya
Working in Kenya

Unemployment levels remain very high today. And the government is protective of jobs that Kenyans can fill. Thus, working in Kenya can prove difficult for expats that have not secured a job prior to arrival.

That said, Kenya, and especially Nairobi, is a major business hub in eastern Africa. And several multinational companies have set up shop there. Including BASF, General Electric, Nokia, Coca-Cola, Toyota and SAB Miller.

However, even with the presence of these branches. The country lacks the financial and business draw that encourages the same level of immigration found in other. More attractive expat destinations. Most expats who work for these multi-national corporations move to Kenya on an intra-company transfer. Where they have previously been working for the company in their home country.

Industry sectors most likely to employ foreigners include tourism, journalism, development, and teaching.

There are also many volunteer jobs in Kenya with government and NGO organisations. The country is a regional hub and headquarters for not-for-profit organisations and serves as the adminstrative centre for the operations of aid organisations in East Africa, especially for matters related to Somalia and Sudan.  For this reason, many expats working in Kenya find themselves in teaching or development positions, regardless of their skill-set.

Further more, the United Nations also maintains a number of offices in Nairobi. The Kenyan capital is also home to a number of foreign embassies, which employ many expats.

Visa and Work Permits for Kenya

Those moving to Kenya to take up employment will find that, generally, it is the responsibility of the employer to secure the necessary visa for Kenya. Work permits are only granted to foreigners if the company in Kenya can prove a Kenyan citizen can’t adequately fill the position. This stipulation can be difficult to prove, and Kenya is known for protecting its workforce.

On the whole, expats rarely show up in Kenya looking for a job, but are instead relocated there or hired from overseas by a company familiar with the visa process.

It can be assumed that if a company is hiring from overseas they have already gone through the process of warranting foreign employment, and expats will not need to be involved in proving their merit to the government.

Self-employed expats have more difficulty obtaining a work visa for Kenya, as they have to go through the entire process on their own. The red tape that must be unravelled is notoriously time-consuming and expensive.

Volunteers and employees of aid agencies in Kenya should have their organisations arrange for their visa. Expats creating their own business in Kenya have to secure licenses and demonstrate earning potential in order to receive a work and business permit.