Cilantro, also known as coriander in some regions, is a herbaceous plant that belongs to the Apiaceae family. It is a popular culinary herb used in many cuisines around the world, especially in Latin American, Middle Eastern, and Asian dishes.
Cilantro(Coriander) has a distinctive aroma and flavor, with a citrusy, slightly sweet, and somewhat spicy taste. It is commonly used fresh, but can also be dried and ground into a spice.
Medical uses Cilantro(Coriander)
- Anti-inflammatory properties: Cilantro contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds that may help reduce inflammation throughout the body.
- Digestive health: Cilantro has been traditionally used as a digestive aid, and may help reduce bloating, gas, and indigestion.
- Cholesterol reduction: Some studies suggest that cilantro may help lower LDL (“bad”) cholesterol levels in the blood.
- Antimicrobial properties: Cilantro may have antimicrobial properties that can help fight off harmful bacteria and fungi.
- Blood sugar control: Cilantro may help regulate blood sugar levels, which is particularly beneficial for people with diabetes.
- Anxiety relief: Some studies suggest that cilantro may have anxiolytic properties, which means it may help reduce anxiety and promote relaxation.
- Rich in vitamins and minerals: Cilantro is a good source of vitamin C, vitamin K, and potassium. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage caused by free radicals, while vitamin K is important for blood clotting and bone health. Potassium is an essential mineral that helps regulate blood pressure and maintain proper muscle and nerve function.
- Contains anti-inflammatory compounds: Cilantro contains several compounds that have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties, including linalool and eugenol. Inflammation is linked to many chronic diseases, so consuming anti-inflammatory foods like cilantro may be beneficial for overall health.
- May help support digestion: Cilantro is often used in traditional medicine to treat digestive issues, such as bloating and indigestion. Some studies suggest that cilantro may help stimulate the production of digestive enzymes and improve gut health.
- May have antibacterial properties: Cilantro contains compounds that have been shown to have antibacterial properties, which may help fight off harmful bacteria in the body.
- May help reduce anxiety: Some research suggests that cilantro may have anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) properties. This may be due to the presence of compounds such as linalool, which has been shown to have a calming effect.
- Allergic reactions: Some people may experience allergic reactions to cilantro, resulting in symptoms such as itching, swelling, and hives.
- Gastrointestinal issues: Consuming large amounts of cilantro may cause digestive issues such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Skin irritation: The essential oils present in cilantro may cause skin irritation, particularly when applied topically.
- Increased sun sensitivity: Some people may become more sensitive to sunlight after consuming cilantro, which can lead to sunburn or other skin damage.
- Interaction with medications: Cilantro may interact with certain medications, including blood thinners and diabetes medications, which can cause adverse reactions.